North York Moors

North York Moors logo
Browse section
Grosmont to Whitby by Mike Nicholas

Grosmont to Whitby

Join the River Esk on the final part of its journey from the high moors to the sea on this 8-mile linear walk that starts in Grosmont and finishes in style on the pier in Whitby (fish and chips optional!). There’s a fascinating railway heritage to explore in Grosmont, before a gentle walk through fields, woods and two small villages, shadowing both the line of the river and the Esk Valley Railway. Whitby makes an alluring ending to the walk, with the chance to dip your toes in the North Sea if it’s warm enough. It’s also easy to do the walk by public transport – take the train from Whitby to Grosmont and then return following signs, waymarks and the salmon symbol for the ‘Esk Valley Walk’.

Walk info

Great for:
riverside rambles, family walks, history buffs
Length:
8 miles (13km)
Time:
4 hours
Start/Finish:
Grosmont station/Whitby pier
Grid Ref:
NZ 828 053
OS Map:
Ordnance Survey OL27
Refreshments:
Grosmont, Sleights, Ruswarp, Whitby
Toilets:
Start/Finish of the walk

About this walk

This is the fourth and final section of the Esk Valley Walk (EVW4), a 37-mile ‘Regional Route’ from Castleton to Whitby. Put all 4 sections together to complete the route, or walk each section individually for great days out in the Esk Valley – also see EVW1, EVW2 and EVW3

icon-footprintThe route is mostly on fairly level bridleways, with several gates and some stiles along the way. The going can be muddy and boggy in parts, where horses and livestock have been present, and there’s a steepish descent and ascent up and down steps between Ruswarp and Whitby. Please take care when crossing the railway tracks, and also be aware of traffic when crossing roads in Sleights, Ruswarp and Whitby. 

icon-paw-printThe route runs through farmland and farmyards – please always keep your dog on a short lead near livestock. You also cross the railway track twice and walk near and along roads at several points, so it’s important to keep your dog under control at all times. On bridleways, it’s safest to keep your dog on a lead if cyclists or horse-riders pass by.

Grosmont 

Grosmont village is entirely a product of the railway age. Until then there was nothing here except for a farm and a few stones from a thirteenth-century priory, but in 1831 Whitby businessmen asked George Stephenson to draw up a plan for a railway from Whitby to Pickering to improve their trade. By 1835 the route was opened between Whitby and Grosmont, featuring a regular horse-drawn service, and the line was extended to Pickering in 1836. That same year saw the building of Grosmont station – exactly the same time that London’s first station opened, at London Bridge. 

By 1847 horses had given way to steam, and by the 1860s several connecting rail lines continued from Grosmont all the way up the Esk Valley to Middlesbrough. Travelling today on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway (from Pickering) or Esk Valley Railway, you are following in the tracks of true railway pioneers.

Ruswarp

The land bordering the river at Ruswarp is known as the ‘Carrs’, a word of Scandinavian origin which means flat, wet land (or fen) likely to flood. One of the first stone bridges over the Esk was built here as far back as 1190. Since then several bridges have been washed away in high floods – the last time one was destroyed was in 1930, when some areas were under 8 feet (2.5 metres) of water and villages upstream as far as Castleton were cut off by the floods.

Whitby and Captain Cook

He may have met his end in Hawaii, but England’s greatest navigator and explorer Captain James Cook first trained in Whitby for his epic adventures. He lodged as an apprentice in a 17th-century house on the harbourfront – now the Captain Cook Memorial Museum – from where he learned his trade, transporting coal to London on working boats called ‘cats’, owned by a family of Quaker ship-owners. The young James spent eight years in Whitby, sailing up and down the coast and as far as the Baltic and St Petersburg, rising to the position of master’s mate and becoming a trusted seaman.  

In 1755 Cook left Whitby, having volunteered for the Royal Navy, where he rose through the ranks. When not at sea in later life Cook lived in London, but it wasn’t the end of his association with Whitby, since all his ships of exploration were built in the town. The Endeavour (technically a ’bark’, ie a flat-bottomed cargo vessel, not a ship), the Resolution, Adventure and Discovery were products of the renowned Whitby shipyards which so impressed the Admiralty when they were looking to supply the Pacific expeditions that would make Cook’s name and change the world.