Land of Iron

150 years ago many parts of the North York Moors looked very different to the present day – the valleys and hills were filled with fire, smoke and noise as they helped fuel the industrial revolution.

Land of Iron logoA short but intense period of ironstone mining and railway construction left a huge impact on the landscape and its communities that can still be seen today.

The Land of Iron project tells the fascinating story of this trailblazing period of industrial growth and exploitation. The project has recorded, conserved and protected some of the most iconic structures that remain, helped nurture the wildlife that has reclaimed these spaces, and ensured this important part of our history is not forgotten.

The project was a Landscape Partnership scheme, supported by the National Lottery Heritage Fund, North York Moors National Park Authority, David Ross Foundation, and other partners. The total project value is £4 million and ran between 2016 and 2021.

Ingleby cast model close HREsk Valley pit wheel sculpture HR


Explore the project, its achievements and legacy, as well as videos and interactive tools.


Our landscape is home to a variety of heritage attractions hidden away as the historic ironstone ruins are reclaimed by nature. Experience the Land of Iron with these exciting walks.

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When out exploring, please do not climb or go beyond the boundary fencing of the industrial monuments. Here’s a few more tips to keep this landscape special.

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Stone-stacking is not cool

Stone-stacking is not cool

Take dog poo home

Take dog poo home

Respect wildlife

Respect wildlife

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