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Biodiversity Action Plan 2013-2017

Birdsfoot trefoilBirdsfoot trefoil

The North York Moors Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) includes Habitat Action Plans (HAPs) and Species Action Plans (SAPs).  Species Action Plans are those that do not fit neatly into a Habitat Action Plan or where we are currently delivering projects where progress is easier to measure against a dedicated Species Action Plan.

Below is a list of the 2013-2017 Habitat and Species Action Plans. Please select the headings below to access each plan.

Habitat Action Plans 


CoastThe coastal HAP includes the Marine Subtidal zone, the Intertidal Zone, through to the Maritime Cliffs.



FarmlandThis HAP encompasses arable field margins, hedgerows, traditional orchards and ponds, along with arable flowers and farmland birds.


Species-Rich Grassland

GrasslandFocusing on species-rich grassland this HAP includes two Biodiversity 2020 habitats, lowland calcareous grassland and lowland meadows. Improving the condition of lowland fens also fall under this HAP. The current HAP strives to create robust grassland habitat networks.



MoorlandThe North York Moors contains the largest patch of continuous heather moorland in England. This moorland HAP includes; upland heathland, blanket bog, purple moor-grass and rush pasture, upland flushes, fens and swamps, moorland birds and some lowland heathland.


Rivers and Streams

Rivers and streamsThe current HAP will continue to; deliver the Esk Pearl Mussels and Salmon Recovery Project, promote good riparian land management and control invasive species.


Species-Rich Road Verges

Road vergesSpecies-rich road verges are key habitat networks, acting as important links to other valuable habitats. The current HAP aims to continue work with partners and volunteers carrying out improvement works and ongoing monitoring.


Trees and Woodland (available soon)

Trees and woodlandWoodland is an important habitat for a wide range of wildlife. The North York Moors landscape is one of the most heavily wooded in northern England and has one of the largest concentrations of veteran and ancient trees. 


Species Action Plans 


BatsSeveral bat species are present in the North York Moors. The current Bat SAP aims to safeguard roost sites, improve habitat quality and promote bat conservation work.


Freshwater Pearl Mussels 

Freshwater pearl musselsThe pearl mussels in the River Esk are the last surviving population in Yorkshire. There is currently no juvenile recruitment, which is thought to be because of the very high water quality this species requires, but with some Esk pearl mussels at a captive breeding centre it is hoped that in the future juvenile mussels can be re-introduced into the river.


JuniperThere are pockets of mature juniper in the North York Moors but very little natural regeneration of these aging shrubs has been observed. Work will aim to improve natural regeneration creating local planting by propagating seeds and cuttings.


Rare butterflies (available soon)

ButterflyRare butterflies included in this SAP are Duke of Burgundy, Pearl-bordered fritillary, small pearl-bordered fritillary and dingy skipper. Habitat improvement works are on-going through Butterfly Conservation's Dukes and Pearls project.


Water voles

Water voleWater voles are rare in the North York Moors but it is thought to be present on all of the major river catchments. The healthiest known water vole populations are in the uplands, at the head of catchments. The current water vole SAP aims to increase their range and population density. 


White-clawed crayfish

White-clawed crayfishWhite-clawed crayfish is the only native freshwater crayfish in Britain and are good indicators of a healthy river. They are under pressure from invasive non-native crayfish. Maintaining the range and population density of our native crayfish is vital.


Wild daffodils 

DaffodilsThe true wild daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus) is the only daffodil species native to Britain. It is well known in the North York Moors due to the impressive display in Farndale. The current SAP aims to survey and monitor the larger areas of wild daffodils in the North York Moors.